In urban driving the turbocharger turbine faces high changes due to frequent acceleration and deceleration so that extremely low mass flow can occur. However, the flow behavior in turbocharger turbines at these extreme off-design conditions is rather unknown. So the development of physically-based models for extrapolating the usually narrow experimental turbine maps and advanced measurements to increase the range of turbine maps has been in the focus of many researchers. To provide valuable information about those flow characteristics, this paper supplies a detailed analysis at low mass flow in a radial turbocharger turbine. The turbine has been experimentally characterized under steady flow from normal operating working conditions up to extreme off-design points, where the turbine could even work with negative efficiency. Since heat transfer significantly affects the turbine efficiency calculation when turbine power is low, the experiments have been executed under quasi-adiabatic conditions and residual heat fluxes have further been corrected. This paper takes advantage of these data to validate adiabatic CFD simulations in a wide operating range, from optimum efficiency point up to negative turbine power. Stationary and transient three-dimensional CFD simulations of the turbocharger turbine have been performed. The numerical campaign covers a wide range of operating conditions, providing different flow patterns. The obtained results show that the secondary flow field changes appreciably with mass flow rate. At low mass flows, a further backflow region develops over the entire circumference close to the hub, significantly constricting the effective turbine area and provoking mass flow instability. The highlighted flow phenomena will allow to improve state of the art extrapolation models and might help designers to understand turbine flow operating under extreme off-design conditions.